WBCHSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022-23

WBCHSE stands for West Bengal Council for Higher Secondary Education. It was in the 1970s when it was established by the West Bengal government under an act of 1975. Kolkata is the headquarter and this council is responsible for the conduction of the class 12th examination. 2023 will nearly have 8 lakhs of students registered under WBCHSE for the 12th final examination. It is situated at Vidyasagar Bhavan, Salt Lake, Kolkata and for more queries, you can reach the officials at 033 – 23374984. In addition to this, for more official information, notices, and circulars, you can visit the official website, wbchse.nic.in.

On 10th June 2022 WBCHSE officially released the exam dates for class 12th. The timetable can be easily accessible on wbchse.nic.in. The exams will commence on March 14 2023 and will last up to March 27, 2022.

Exam LevelState Board
WBCHSE 12th Board Exam Time Table AnnouncementJune 10, 2022
WBCHSE Class 12 Exam Start DateMarch 14, 2023
WBCHSE Class 12 Exam End DateMarch 27, 2023
WBCHSE Class 12 Result DateJune 2023

WBCHSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022-23

Marks Distribution According To Units:

Unit NameMarks
Current Electricity08
Magnetic effect of current & Magnetism10
Electromagnetic induction & Alternative Current 06
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter06
Atoms and Nuclei 06
Electronic Devices 06

WBCHSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022-23

Unit NameChapterDescription/Topics
1. ElectrostaticsChapter 1: Electric charges and Coulomb’s Law.Electric Charges; conservation of charges, Coulomb’s law force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution.
Chapter 2: Electric field and Gauss’s TheoremElectric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on an electric dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux, statement of Guess’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire and uniformly charged infinite plane sheet.
Chapter 3: Electrostatic potentialElectrostatic potential, potential difference, the relation between electric field and potential, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, the electric potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Chapter 4: Capacitors and DielectricsConductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
2. Current ElectricityChapter 1: Current Electricity Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility, and their relation with electric current.
Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-1 characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, and conductivity. Temperature dependence of resistance.
The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and E.M.F. of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
Chapter 2: Electric network rules and electrical measurements.Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge and meter bridge.
Potentiometer; principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing e.m.f. of two cells, measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
3. Magnetic effect of current & MagnetismChapter 1: Concept and laws of magnetic Field Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and it’s application to the current carrying circular loop.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. 
Chapter 2: Force on a Charge and currentForce on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors, definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Chapter 3: Magnetic Dipole and Earth’s MagnetismCurrent loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
4. Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter 1: Electromagnetic InductionElectromagnetic Induction; Faraday’s law. Induced emf and current; Lens’s law, Eddy currents, Self and mutual inductance.
Chapter 2: Alternating CurrentAlternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations(qualitative treatment only) ,LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits.
AC generator and transformer.
5. Electromagnetic waves Chapter 1: Electromagnetic Waves.Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum ( radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
6 (i). Optics : Part A Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 1: Refraction of lightRefraction of light, total internal reflection and it’s applications, optical fibres , refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses , thin lens formula, lens -maker’s formula. Magnification power of a lens, combination of thin­lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism.
Chapter 2: Optical InstrumentsVisual angle and magnifying power. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
6 (ii). Optics: Part B: Wave OpticsChapter 1: Propagation principle of wavefrontWave front and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle.
Chapter 2: Interference of light Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light.
Chapter 3: Diffraction of lightDiffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
7. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Chapter 1: Particles Nature of RadiationDual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
Chapter 2: Wave Nature of MatterMatter waves:-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation.
8. Atoms & NucleiChapter 1: AtomsAlpha particle scattering experiment: Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Chapter 2: NucleiComposition and size of nucleus, Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion.
9. Electronic DevicesChapter 1: Band theory of solidsEnergy bands in conductors, insulators, and Semiconductors.
Chapter 2: Semiconductor ElectronicsSemiconductor diode, 1-V characteristics of the diode in forward and reverse bias, diode ad a rectifier.
Special purpose p-n junction diodes; LED, photodiode, solar cell, and their Characteristics.

The above table explains WBCHSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022-23. For more official information, visit Our Home Page.

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